In all seasons, the plumage of the Ruddy Turnstone is dominated by a harlequin-like pattern of black and white.
Breeding birds have reddish-brown upper parts with black markings.
Non-breeding adults are duller than breeding birds and have dark grey-brown upperparts with black mottling and a dark head with little white.
Juvenile birds have a pale brown head and pale fringes to the upperpart feathers creating a scaly impression.
Jade-Weser-Port, Wilhelmshaven area, Lower Saxony, Germany, 15 August 2023